The ubo-aka is a “thumb piano” of the Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria. This instrument features a wood-burnt hardwood soundboard (with cut-out handholds) mounted on an incised, woodburnt gourd resonator. Instead of the traditional metal cuffs around each key, a metal chain is stretched across the key. One other distinctive fact about this remarkable instrument being that it was by definition, the oldest existing musical instrument in Nigeria, there being no evidence of any older specimens anywhere else in the country. (Sources: nairaland.com + musicinafrica.net)
The IGBA (Cylinder-drum) is a piece of hollow wood covered at one end with animal hide held down tight with fasteners. The artist carries it over his shoulder with the help of a shoulder strap. The artist produces the sound by beating on the animal hide with his fingers or combination of one set of fingers and a special stick. The cylinder-drum accompanies dances, songs, religious and secular ceremonies, and its tunes have been known to gave special signals for good news as well as bad news. These drums often accompany many other instruments. Traditionally, the deeper shelled Igba are played with the hand, while the shorter drums are played with a curved stick. In an ensemble these drums often lead, and are used to “talk” by the talking drummers. To tune the drum, the player will use a strong object to whack the pegs around the drum in order to restore its best tone. (Source: nairaland.com)
Okwu ID provide a crash course in Igbo history starting with a look at Arochukwu and the Aro Confederacy
So, What exactly is Arochukwu and what was the Aro confederacy?
Arochukwu and the Aro Confederacy
Arochukwu is a town situated in modern-day Abia State, an Igbo state located in south-eastern Nigeria. The town is positioned close to the waters of the bight of Biafra and the country Cameroon.
Arochukwu is an important historic town in Igboland, it is the home of the Aro people, an Igbo subgroup that dominated south-eastern Nigeria throughout the 18th and 19th century.